Norse Runic Inscriptions & their long forgotten cryptography

Earl Syversen and Alf Monge began to examine the art of runic writing and catalogued accepted Old World examples.  This research showed that there was a greater complexity in the Old World use of runes than is shown within the published standard set of symbols. This book is of value not only to those interested in possible Old World pre-Columbian contacts with North America, but also to those who want to delve further into the ancient usage of runes in the Old World.

Earl Syversen was born on May 20, 1905 in Minot, North Dakota, the son of a harness maker. After his father's death in 1912, the Syversen family tried to farm a homestead in southern Alberta, Canada. Later the family moved to Portland, Oregon, where Earl became an apprentice to his uncle in the Jewellery trade. In the 1920's Mr. Syversen moved to San Francisco, California where he married, raised a family and pursued his trade as a Jeweller. He retired to Sonoma County, California where he was finally able to concentrate on his pursuit of his cultural heritage. Earl Syversen passed away on October 24, 1979.

Norse Medieval Cryptography in Runic Carvings
by Alf Monge & Ole G. Landsverk
Norseman Press, Glendale, Calif., U.S.A., 1967

In 1963 Alf Monge claimed to have discovered secretly dated cryptograms within medieval runic inscriptions which were calendrically indicated. By applying this theory on the finds from American soil the authors state, that those can not be modern hoaxes simply because no one had known of the existence of these Norse dated puzzles for well over 500 years. The book furthermore deals with the inscriptions from Kensington (of course!) and Heavener, the New England cryptograms, the acrostics in the legend of the Vinland map and the testing of artefacts of possible 14th century origin in Minnesota.

The authors bring forth some quick-witted arguments on this controversial matter. Rune by rune, the author guides you through his proof of Norse explorations in America. By breaking the cryptography of the Kensington runestone, apparently one could discover the secret dates the Christian Norsemen were trying to conceal in their encrypted carvings. Mr. Monge, a native of Norway, was trained in cryptography by the US Army Signal Intelligence School, then served as Chief Cryptographer for the Ninth Army Corps in San Francisco. In 1963 he solved the first calendrically dated cryptogram--an often complex and long-forgotten type of secret message in medieval runic inscriptions. Since, he has solved the Kensington and Kingigtorssuag runestones, as well as 3 brief but significant early 11th century cryptograms from eastern Oklahoma, and two from Massachusetts & Rhode Island. The first 10 chapters detail the precise & exciting decryption. The following 11 chapters, by Landsverk, further explore the evidence, both runic & otherwise (eg. The Benedictines & Norse Cryptography, Mooring Stones & Metallic Artifacts, etc.)

The Kensington Runestone Compelling New Evidence
by Richard Nielsen and Scott Wolter  
Outernet Pub. (June 2005)

ISBN: 1581755627

Richard Nielsen and Scott Wolter are hard scientists. They understand the methodology of science, and Inference, from data, to the Best Explanation -- IBE, philosophers of science call it. Both scientists are experienced serving as expert witnesses in court cases. Nielsen, with his doctorate in materials science, realized that the question of the Kensington Runestone's authenticity likely could be answered with petrographic data. He engaged Wolter to examine the Runestone using current high-tech microscopy.

         Richard Nielsen and Scott Wolter

The result was clear: the rune incisions are too weathered to have been carved as recently as the nineteenth century. QED, inference from the petrographic data leads to the carved date of A.D. 1362 as the best explanation for its origin.


The Kensington Rune Stone has been the subject of passionate debate over its authenticity since it was discovered in the roots of a tree near Kensington, Minnesota,by Olof Ohman in 1898. Through the presentation of compelling new evidence this book answers the many nagging questions that have eluded investigators for over 100 years. Much of this new evidence is truly startling and has led to the understanding of not only who carved the stone, but where they came from and why the came to North America. Co-authors geologist Scott Wolter and engineer Richard Nielsen present the evidence of their collective 25 years of research on the artefact. The results of their research present a compelling and convincing case.

The Kensington Rune Stone: Compelling New Evidence is both a forensic inquisition and engaging mystery. As an easy-to-follow reference source, it’s the must-have guide for making an informed decision about the evidence surrounding one of the most famous inscriptions in North America. As the scientific community’s own Da Vinci Code, this book is poised to expose the clash of scientific ideology, politics and academia—while distilling the truth into one clear, but spellbinding, tome.

Viktor Rydberg

Poet, novelist, journalist, distinguished honourary scholar and controversial religious dissenter. The most important Swedish writer between Almqvist and Strindberg. For many years a significant influence on national culture. Viktor Rydberg was born in 1828 in the provincial city of Jönköping, Sweden. Because of his mother’s early death and their poverty, he never graduated. To his credit, he sort knowledge and studied by himself. His first stories were published in the Jönköpingsbladet. Viktor Rydberg was a very active person, and lead a number of campaigns. For example he wanted to clear the Swedish language from all German influences. He was a jack-of-all-trades, and tried many different jobs during his lifetime. Viktor Rydberg was a member of the Swedish Academy (from 1877-1895).

The family (lower middle class) is dissolved when he is five, due to the death of his mother and the alcoholism of his father. His childhood and youth are plagued by poverty, but he still gets a fairly good education. The utopian liberalism of 1848 leaves a permanent mark on his political views.  From 1855 to 1876 he is a journalist at the liberal Göteborgs handels- och sjöfartsstidning ("Gothenburg Mercantile and Shipping Gazette"), then one of the leading newspapers in Scandinavia. Its owner/editor, S.A. Hedlund, becomes his close friend and manager.

Viktor Rydberg (1828-1895). Universally recognized as Sweden's greatest Romantic poet, Rydberg was a journalist, novelist, and distinguished scholar who remained a significant influence on Swedish cultural life for many years. This book is based on his comprehensive Undersökningar i Germanisk Mythologi (Investigations into Germanic Mythology), the first volume of which was translated as Teutonic Mythology, 1889, by Rasmus Anderson, and is widely available on the internet and in print today. The translator and linguist William P. Reaves, who works and resides in Orlando, Florida, has had a life-long interest in Norse mythology. Several of his articles and essays on the subject can be found on the internet.



1906 3rd Edition of Fädernas gudasaga by Viktor Rydberg

Now available:

Viktor Rydberg's Our Fathers' Godsaga translated and Annotated by William P. Reaves.


A complete translation of Viktor Rydberg's Fädernas Gudasaga, including the "Catalog of Mythic Names" and all 11 illustrations by renowned children's artist John Bauer from the 1911 German translation. A beautiful edition of Rydberg's most accessible work retelling all the Old Norse myths in chronological sequence.

Hardcover US $25.95, Paperback US $15.95.
223 pages. iUniverse, 2003.

Our Fathers God saga reviewed by Dirk Schmitt:

Viktor Rydberg's Investigations into Germanic Mythology, Vol. II, Part 2: Germanic Mythology, Translated and Annotated by William P. Reaves.


For the first time in English: A complete translation of pages 183-427 of Viktor Rydberg's second volume, Undersökningar i Germanisk Mythology, andre delen (1889), including Rydberg's thorough investigations of the Baldur Myth and the Eddaic poem Hárbarðsljóð, as well as Rydberg's final timeline of mythic events, and other important essays.

Hardcover US $29.95, Paperback US $19.95
236 pages, iUniverse 2004.

Available at retail booksellers everywhere. Please ask for them!



Coming Soon:


Viktor Rydberg's Investigations into Germanic Mythology, Vol. II, Part 1: Indo-European Mythology, Translated and Annotated by William P. Reaves, covering pages 1-182 from Rydberg's second volume of mythic studies, and Rydberg's essay on "mythological methodology", for the first time in English.  

iUniverse, 2006.


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